Kilim in IranAugust 19, 2018
Bohemian StyleSeptember 23, 2018
The town’s name, Bergama, is an echo of its illustrious former incarnation as Pergamum, an ancient city and kingdom of that name that once ruled much of western Anatolia, even including the Mediterranean port of Antalya. The last king of Pergamum, Attalus III, bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 B.C.
Contemporary Bergama stands on and by the ruins of that famous city, inheriting all the cultural accretions from its past. Today the town is well known in Turkey for the resistance its inhabitants have mounted against a gold mining concession granted to a foreign firm because of its use of poisonous mercury in the metal separation process.
Traditional Bergama kilims, which are still woven individually and in workshops, often bear the “hand of Fatima” motif which reportedly signifies fertility. Other common designs feature a square symbolic of a hope-chest which signifies the wish of the weaver to marry. Plain-weave, slit-weave and supplementary weft wrapping are the primary weaving methods, while the materials used are medium or fine wool in colors of red, blue, green and some yellow. Zili and Cicim weaving techniques are also quite widely used in the Bergama region.