History of Kilim
October 28, 2017

Types of Kilims

Spread the love

Anatolian (Turkish)

Perhaps the best known and most highly regarded, these Kilims (or Kelims) are traditionally distinguished by the areas, villages or cities in which they are produced, such as Konya, Malatya, Karapinar and Hotamis. Most Anatolian Kilims are slit woven. Larger antique Kilims were woven in two to three separate sections on small nomadic horizontal floor looms in three feet wide long strips, then carefully sewn together matching the patterns edges to create an ultimately wider rug. These pieces are still being produced in very limited quantities by nomadic tribes for their personal use and are commonly known as Cicims.

Cicim or Jijim or Jajim: Kilims woven in narrow strips that are sewn together.

Persian (Iranian)

  • Ordinary Kilim: This type of Kilim is woven with hemp, cotton, and also wool threads.

  • Gunny Kilim: This special type is woven with varicolored pieces of cloth.

  • Suzāni Kilim: This type is embroidered with raised figures after the ordinary Kilim is woven.

  • Needlework Kilim: This type of Kilim is hung on the wall and is woven with cotton threads.

  • Jol: This is a kind of Kilim the surface of which is embroidered. With their decorative designs, they are used as horse saddles.

  • Palās or Palaz: This is a kind of Kilim in which each color is used for weaving several rajs; it does not have a pile. Palas is also the name used for the coarse woollen robes dervish wear.

  • Jājim or Chador-Shab: This is a kind of striped carpet woven with colored threads and thinner than palas.

  • Zilu: This is a kind of Kilim woven with cotton threads and simple designs quite in harmony with rural life. It has a cotton warp and weft.

  • Rakht-E-Khāb Pich: This type of Kilim is used by migrating tribes.

  • Charkhi-Bāf: This is a kind of sturdy and thick Kilim only one side of which can be used.

  • Khorjin (Saddle-Bags) and Juwals: These Kilims are used for carrying goods.

  • Gilimcheh: These are woven like Kilims but tiny and decorative.

  • Masnads: These are sturdy and fine-woven decorative Kilimeches.

  • Navār-Chādor: This type of Kilim is decorative.

  • Sajādeh: These are woven with altar designs and are used for praying.

  • Ghigh: This Kilim is used for the walls of tents; both of its side are the same and can be used alike.

  • Rah Rah: These Kilims (or, more precisely, Soumak rugs) are woven mostly in the Sirjan region and are also called Khatti design Kilims. Ardebil and Moghan are woven in the same design but in lower qualities.

  • Kamoo Sofreh: These Sofrehs are woven mostly in Kamoo and are also called Natural design Sofrehs.

Balkans and Eastern Europe

  • Chiprovski Kilim, Bulgaria: Chiprovtsi Kilims are handmade flat woven Kilim rugs with two identical sides, part of Bulgarian national heritage, traditions, arts, and crafts. Their name is derived from the town of Chiprovtsi where their production started in the 17th century. The basic colours are yellow, brown, red, blue, and green. The very first carpets were in only two colours – red and black. This unique and typically Bulgarian craft flourished during the Bulgarian National Revival. The carpets are made of natural materials like cotton and wool. Their thickness is 3–5 mm.

  • Pirot Kilim, Serbia: Rug weaving is a part of Serbian tradition ever since the Middle Ages, and city of Pirot, being on the main caravan road, was, and still is, one of the most famous places where you can still obtain a weaved rug. These carpets were used for various purposes, and covering the floors was certainly the primary use. But Pirot rugs are also hanged on the wall as a tapestry used as window shades and used a covers over the blankets since they kept the warmth. The anterooms and palaces and courts of the Serbian dynasties were all covered in Pirot carpets, and were gifted to rulers and diplomats as a typically Serbian part of tradition and cultural heritage.

2 Comments

  1. Leonard says:

    Thanks for this useful content.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *